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Short-Wavelength Band (S-band)

Last updated on 03/8/2023

New window for ultra-wide-band optical transmisison

The Short-wavelength band (S-band) is one of the optical communication bands, that covers the wavelength range of 1460 to 1530 nm.

Wavelength range of S-band in optical communication

Figure 1: Wavelength range of S-band in optical communication.

S-band for Passive-Optical Network (PON)

The S-band has been traditionally used for Passive-Optical Network (PON). Both G-PON (ITU-T G.984.5 Gigabit PON) and E-PON (IEEE 802.3 Ethernet PON) use 1490 nm for downstream data transmission.

S-band for Wavelength-Divsion Multiplexing (WDM)

The S-band can be used for WDM transmission to increase transmission capacity by increasing the number of channels.

CWDM transmission

CWDM transmission is generally a point-to-point unrepeatered (i.e. no optical amplifiers) system. S-band optical transceivers are widely available in various form factors (SFP, XFP, SFP+, SFP28) bit rates (1G, 10G, and 25G), allowing maximum transmission distance up to 120 km.

DWDM transmission

The use of S-band for long-haul repeatered (i.e with optical amplifier) DWDM transmission, in addition to the C-band and L-band, is technically feasible. This is because the S-band meets the following three requirements.

  1. Loss of optical fiber in the S-band is low enough for long-haul transmission (0.20-0.25 dB/km).
  2. Chromatic dispersion of conventional optical fiber is not near zero, four-wave mixing is not an issue.
  3. Optical fiber amplifiers (TDFA and Raman amplifier) are commercially available.

A schematic of DWDM system, in which the S-band is used in addition to the C- and L-band, is shown in Figure 2. Signals from N transmitters are multiplexed by wavelength multiplexer and are launched to the fiber. When amplification is needed, the signals are de-multiplexed to the S-, C-, and L-bands and amplified by three amplifiers; typically TDFA for the S-band and EDFAs for the C- and L-bands. After amplification, these three bands are multiplexed again and launched to the next fiber section. At the receiver, signals are de-multiplexed to individual channels and detected.

Schematic of DWDM transmission system using the S-band

Figure 2: Schematic of DWDM transmission system using the S-band.

Such transmission scheme is referred to as “S+C+L-band WDM transmission”, and much attention has been paid on this scheme at R&D level . It is promising technology for upgrading existing optical fiber network as it does not require new fiber cable deployment.

FiberLabs products related to this article

FiberLabs offers the following products related to this article. Please visit these pages if you are interested in this article.

OEM Module
8-λ CWDM
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F. Hamaoka et al., “150.3-Tb/s Ultra-Wideband (S, C, and L Bands) Single-Mode Fibre Transmission over 40-km Using >519Gb/s/A PDM-128QAM Signals,” in 2018 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), pp. 1–3 (2018) [].
X. Zhao et al., “2005 Tb/s Transmission with S+C+L Amplification Covering 150 nm Bandwidth over 2×100 km PSCF Spans,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2022 (2022), paper Th3C.4, p. Th3C.4, Optica Publishing Group (2022).
B. J. Puttnam et al., “S-, C- and L-band transmission over a 157 nm bandwidth using doped fiber and distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express, OE 30(6), 10011–10018 (2022) [].